Page 4: Installation of a 3 Gauge Cluster
Ever since I started adding gauges, I have wanted to install a 3 gauge cluster from a 240 Turbo. I finally got one... Show more in great shape out of a '84 Turbo. In order to install it, I needed to move my radio down to the lower storage area. I purchased a larger bin from an earlier model 240 since my bin was too small to fit a radio into. I then had a friend help me custom make a faceplate for my CR-712 radio.
This is the radio with the faceplate mounted on it. We then removed my center console, installed the larger bin from a mid-eighties 240, and slipped the radio in.
After snaking the radio wires down from where they were, we wired the radio in and bolted it onto the console frame. I then slipped the 3 gauge cluster in to see how it would look. While the cluster looked good in the dash, it would be much better to have some functional gauges. Since I don't have a turbo (yet), the vacuum gauge would temporarily serve as a reminder of what was to come. The voltmeter was easy as I already had wiring for the one that I had installed earlier. I removed the old one to make way for an oil temp gauge I had also pulled from a 240. The oil pressure gauge was the only gauge that required any work. I obtained a sender from an '83 turbo with a 5 bar gauge and plugged the sender in. Then I ran the wire thru the firewall to the gauge. The cluster had its original harness so wiring was easy. Finally, after some hassles and what-not, I wired everything up and permanently installed the gauges. Show Less
Page 5: History of the Volvo 240Ever since I purchased my 240 in April 2002, I have become interested in Volvo cars and have also gained an appreciation for ... Show moremy car as a durable and reliable car. I feel that it is necessary therefore to go into the history of the 200 series.In 1975, Volvo introduced its first new model in 8 years. The 240 or 200 series was designed to replace the 140 series, which had been around since 1967. The original 240 series came in five different models. There were the 242 and the 242 GL, which were both 2-door sedans. Volvo also made a 244 and a 244 GL, which were their 4 door models. Finally, the 245 were Volvo�s 240 series station wagon.The 240 series not only retained the best of styling and engineering achievements of the 140 series, but it incorporated over 30 new major engineering changes, which included the following:Body - All new front-end sheet metal and unit body based on Volvo's experience with its experimental safety cars.- New integrated front and rear bumpers.- Additional galvanized steel body panels for better rust prevention.- Improved grille and headlight retaining system for easier replacement.- Redesigned, lighter hood hinges for easier servicing.- Additional sound and heat insulation on 240 sedan floors and firewalls.Suspension - All new spring strut front suspension.- All new rack and pinion steering.- Redesigned rear suspension with rear stabilizer bars added to 240 sedans- 14-inch wheels and tires on self-centering hub flanges.- Front track increased 2.75 inches.- Redesigned steering column with four separate safety features. Brakes - New vacuum pump for increased power brake boost.- New stepped bore master cylinder to maintain normal pedal pressure during emergency three-wheel braking. Drive Train - All new electronic ignition system.- New air injection system and recalibrated exhaust gas recirculation to reduce emissions.- Hardened valve seats for unleaded fuel.- 10% more powerful starter motor. - Higher capacity radiator. - Redesigned clutch control system for better pedal feel. - Rubber mounted transmission cover to reduce shift lever vibration- Overdrive switch moved to gearshift knob. - Catalytic converters on California cars only. Interior - Completely redesigned front seats with see-through head rests, improved lumbar support, new height adjustments, longer seat travel, and stronger frame and anchorage. - Redesigned instrument panel incorporating new air vents for front side window defrosting. - Improved heater core and floor heating outlets. - New center console incorporating relocated hand brake and lighted safety belt anchorages.The power plant for the original 240 Series was a 121 cubic-inch fuel-injected four-cylinder engine, containing many improvements which included a 10% more powerful starter motor, hardened valve seats for lead-free fuel and a solid state electronic ignition system. The new 240 series had a significant increase in gas mileage as well over previous Volvo models. For city driving, it was tested at 15 to 17 miles per gallon and for highway driving was able to get 22 to 26 miles per gallon. Over the years, Volvo continued to make improvements to the 240 series. Some highlights were the production of the 242 GT 2 door sports sedan starting in 1978. The car incorporated a larger 2.1 liter 4 cylinder engine and was designed for better road holding and maneuverability. In 1980, the 240 series took on a few major changes. While still keeping the 200 series model and design, the names were changed and a GL model was introduced. The DL took the place of the formerly designated 240 and was offered in a 2 door, 4 door and 5-door model.In 1983, while continuing to improve their base 240 DL and GL models, Volvo offered its first 240 Turbo model, which offered a bigger 2.3 liter 4 cylinder B-23F engine and a turbocharger. Along with the Turbo model, in 1983 Volvo offered an Intercooler Boost Kit that could be installed on all their Turbo models since 1981. This kit was easy to install and would increase engine output by about 30 hp. The 240 Turbo lasted until model year 1985 when Volvo returned to producing its 240 DL and GL models. In 1990, the GL model was phased out, making the 240 DL the top-of-the-line 240 series car. In place of the GL, the 240 became the entry-level car that would be a price leader for the full Volvo line. This is the car that all late model 240 owners know and love. 1990 was also the last year for the DL line. From 1991-1993 the 240 was produced with no variations. Over the 18 years Volvo produced the 200 series, very few changes were made overall to the body design or interior layout. And while there are distinct characteristics to certain cars that distinguish them from other model years, the 240 remained a very sturdy and similarly manufactured car over its history.-All pictures courtesy of Volvo Cars of America (www.volvocars.com) Show Less